Diabetic Retinopathy

Specialized Eye Hospital for Retina Treatment

Diabetic Retinopathy

It is an eye condition that significantly affects the quality of vision due to the abnormal blood sugar level in the eyes.

The uncontrolled sugar level severely damages the retina. People with diabetes have a higher chance of contracting Diabetic Retinopathy. The advancement of Diabetic Retinopathy leads to permanent vision loss. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are highly susceptible to being affected when the condition is unstable.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Types of Diabetic Retinopathy

Based on the progression and stage of retinal damage, it is classified into two categories:

Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

It is a Diabetic Eye condition indicating the early stages of retinal damage. In this stage, the tiny blood vessels get affected, and as a result, the blood leaks develop. The damage does not create much blood pressure, the leakage is minimal, and no vision loss is observed. Early diagnosis at this stage helps prevent the further advancement of the disorder.

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

It is an eye condition where the affection rate has advanced to the final stage. The condition becomes complicated, and the blood leaks are severe. People with Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy experience symptoms that indicate poor quality of vision. The segregation of new blood vessels develops scar tissues on the retina due to unstable blood sugar levels. Hence, the blood flow gets affected due to an abnormal blood level that exceeds the required blood flow level of a healthy eye. At this stage, the condition advances to critical, and it leads to permanent vision loss due to Retinal Detachment. There are chances that some parts of the vision might be lost. In most cases, people undergo diagnostic procedures and opt-in to take treatment when they experience symptoms.

When to Consult a Retina Specialist

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

Some of the most commonly experienced symptoms are:

  • Eye floaters
  • Blurred vision
  • Poor quality of vision clarity
  • Dark spot when sighting the objects
  • Permanent vision loss

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes is the primary cause of Diabetic Retinopathy. People with uncontrolled blood sugar levels are typically prone to suffering from other associated illnesses. Diabetes has some effects on eye health. It can lead to blindness when the blood flow is blocked. Some people might experience the effects of diabetes at a high level, which accelerates the progression of retinal health deterioration.

Diagnosis Procedures for Diabetic Retinopathy at Trinity

Our Eye Hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to perform advanced diagnostic procedures to determine the affection rate and to provide the Best Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment.

  • Visual Acuity: It is a common procedure that allows our Ophthalmologists to determine vision power and clarity when seeing objects. The result of the visual acuity test aids in examining the prevailing condition of the eye disease and concluding the eye disease.
  • Tonometry: This is a diagnostic procedure performed to determine the eye pressure. The test result aids in determining the cause factor of the eye pressure, which is either glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy. Since the blood flow within the retina is disturbed, it is a great concern to conclude the Retina Treatment for the illnesses
  • Pupil Dilation: The patient's eyes are dilated by the eye drops that widen the pupil size. This procedure allows our Ophthalmologist to examine the health of the retina and optic nerve.
  • Comprehensive Diabetic Retinopathy Examination: This diagnostic procedure allows our Retina Eye specialists to have complete, detailed information about eye health. The test is inclusive of examining the level of bleeding and leakage, stages of damage, and inflammation.

Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment at Trinity

Eye Injection and Medication

Injections are the preliminary level of Diabetic Retinopathy Eye Treatment, which aids in stabilizing the condition and preventing the further progression of blood leaks and tissue rupture. Our Eye Surgeons are highly proficient in performing this procedure. We follow globally recommended procedures and result-proven medical breakthroughs to treat the prevalence of diabetic eye conditions.

Our hospital has a dedicated team of Retina Specialists, surgeons, and staff to perform Eye Operations safely. It is an outpatient treatment method, and it is performed with the assistance of topical anesthesia. The expected outcome helps the patient improve vision and prevent blood leaks. Eye irritation, discomfort, and eye pain are the expected associated side effects. We recommend routine eye check-ups, and the procedure is repeated until the condition is stabilized.


It is a Laser Treatment procedure to prevent blood leaks and break the fluid buildup. This procedure involves the laser being passed onto the blood leaks, which are set to diffuse through burns. It is a completely clinical procedure, and the patient can return home on the same day. This procedure does not revive the lost vision. This Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment is performed to prevent the eye disorder from further progressing. We have advanced photocoagulation equipment to perform the Eye Operation.

Eye Surgery

It is an invasive treatment procedure performed to stabilize the Diabetic Retinopathy Eye condition by making a small incision to remove the abnormal blood in the retina. This procedure is done with the assistance of general anesthesia. Our team of Eye Surgeons possesses excellence in performing Diabetic Retinopathy Eye Operations that turn out to be successful.

Retina Treatment Offered in Our Branches

Trinity has established its Eye Hospital in Coimbatore, Palakkad, Kozhikode (Calicut), Tirur, and Thrissur to provide Retina Treatment, including Diabetic Retinopathy. Our Eye Doctors are proficient in precisely diagnosing and treating people with retinal eye diseases due to diabetes. Our hospital has an advanced operation theater that facilitates our Retina Surgeons to perform Diabetic Retinopathy Surgeries at an affordable treatment cost.


What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye problem that can be caused by either type 1 or type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina. The weakened blood vessels may leak fluid and blood.

Who are at risk for developing Diabetic Retinopathy?

Those with poorly controlled blood sugar levels are at a high risk of developing Diabetic Retinopathy. In addition, High Blood Pressure, High Cholesterol, Anemia, kidney disease and pregnancy can all place a patient at greater risk of suffering from diabetic eye disease.

How frequently should I get my Eye Examined?

If you have diabetes, you should get a yearly examination by your Ophthalmologist. Once you develop Diabetic Retinopathy, your Ophthalmologist may advise further investigations or treatment. A periodic follow up as advised by your ophthalmologist is mandatory. The frequency of these follow up visits is decided based on the severity of the disease.

What are the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

There may be no symptoms in the early stages, especially when the central portion of the retina is not involved. As the retinopathy progresses, you may have:

  • Blurred Vision
  • Bleeding in the eye causing sudden loss of vision
  • Temporary or permanent loss of vision.
  • Pain is not a common feature of the disease.
  • Floaters, which can look like black spots, little threads, or cobwebs

What are the types of diabetic retinopathy?

There are two forms of diabetic retinopathy: Non-Proliferative (NPDR) and Proliferative (PDR). Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy refers to the early stages of the disease, while proliferative diabetic retinopathy refers to the severe, progressive stage.

Macular Edema

The fluid and exudates collect in the macula, the central part of the retina that helps us in fine central vision.

What is Laser Treatment? Will I regain my vision after laser treatment?

The aim of this treatment is to protect central vision. It does not restore lost vision, but it can prevent further deterioration, which is why early diabetic retinopathy diagnosis through periodic eye examination is imperative. Laser Photocoagulation involves tiny burns to seal the capillaries. This may cause small spots to appear in your field of vision after the procedure. These spots generally fade and disappear with time. Some patients may experience difficulties in dim illumination and while reading following multiple sittings of laser treatment.

How many sittings of laser treatment are required?

With the PASCALĀ® (Pattern Scan Laser), the entire session can be completed in one or two sittings. It may however vary from patient to patient. The severity of diabetic retinopathy plays an important role in deciding the number of sittings required.

What are Anti VEGF agents, and what is their role in managing diabetic retinopathy?

Anti VEGF agents (Avastin, Razumab, Accentrix, Lucentis, Eylea) are emerging as the new modality of treatment for various stages of diabetic retinopathy. These agents are injected into the eye (Intravitreal Injection). They are commonly used in diabetic maculopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. They may also be used as an adjunct before surgery for diabetic vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachments.

Does a high diabetic level affect my eyes?

It affects retinal function and deteriorates eye health.

What happens if the Diabetic Retinopathy Eye condition is untreated?

It might lead to temporary or permanent vision loss. Retinopathy Treatment becomes essential to protect your eyes.

What are the options left to treat the eye condition?

Medications and surgery are recommended treatment choices to stabilize the eye condition and recover from Diabetic Retinopathy.

How can I prevent the progression of Retinopathy?

A comprehensive eye examination significantly aids in diagnosing the eye condition and preventing it at the earliest stage.

Should I have to keep my diabetes under control during Eye Treatment?

It is very necessary to make the treatment more efficient and aid in a faster recovery.

Can I take diabetic medications during Retinopathy Treatment?

On the advice of our Ophthalmologists, you can take the prescribed diabetes medicine. If you experience other allergies or side effects, it's recommended that you consult our Eye Specialist to alter the medicine combinations to stabilize the condition.

How can I determine whether Diabetic Retinopathy is affecting my eyes?

Dark spots and vision loss are the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy, which indicates you need to take treatment without further delay.

Will high blood pressure have effects on eye health?

The unstable BP worsens eye health and accelerates the progression of Diabetic Retinopathy, leading to serious illnesses.

Can the treatment journey time be determined?

It is challenging to determine the treatment journey way prior to the first sitting. The severity of the condition varies from individual to individual. Hence, routine checkups aid our eye specialists in planning the next phase of treatment and the need for the next sitting.

What are the locations where Trinity has its presence?

Coimbatore, Palakkad, Kozhikode (Calicut), Tirur, and Thrissur are the popular locations in Kerala and Tamil Nadu where Trinity offers its eye care services.

Trinity Logo

Corporate Office

Trinity Eye Care Pvt Ltd.Calicut Bypass Rd, Manali Jn, Palakkad, Kerala - 678 001

Write to us


Toll Free

1800 4255 7799