Age-Related Macular Degeneration is a Retinal Eye condition that affects the quality of central vision. The progression of AMD is commonly observed in people in the elderly age group. Retinal Eye Disease advances with age.
Untreated eye conditions can lead to vision loss. Blurred vision, trouble seeing in low light, and blank spots are the common symptoms experienced by people with ARMD. People who have a family history are highly prone to contracting retinal macular degeneration disease. A comprehensive dilated eye examination and optical coherence tomography are the diagnostic procedures followed at our Eye Hospital to determine the presence and progress of AMD Retinal Eye Disorder. Based on the retinal eye test result, our Retina Eye Specialist recommends AMD Treatment that aids in controlling eye illnesses and preventing the advancement of AMD. Anti-VEGF drugs and photodynamic therapy (PDT) are the Retina Eye Treatments provided to people with AMD at our Super Speciality Eye Hospital.
With macular degeneration, you may have symptoms such as blurred vision, dark areas or distortion in your central vision, and sometimes, permanent loss of your central vision. The peripheral vision is usually spared. Early symptoms are loss of clarity while reading and distortion of objects. With advanced macular degeneration you may fail to recognize a person’s face. AMD usually affects both eyes, although not necessarily to the same extent.
AMD is of two types
Dry AMD With dry macular degeneration, vision loss is usually gradual. These patients need to monitor their central vision regularly. If you notice any change in your vision, you should tell your eye doctor right away, as the dry form can change into the more damaging form which is wet (exudative) macular degeneration. While there is no medication or treatment for dry macular degeneration, some people may benefit from vitamin supplements (anti-oxidants).
Wet AMD About ten percent of people who have macular degeneration have the wet form. This can cause more damage to your central vision than the dry form. Wet macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow underneath the retina. This blood vessel growth is called Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV) because these vessels grow from the layer under the retina called the choroid. These new blood vessels may leak fluid or blood, blurring or distorting central vision. Vision loss from this form of macular degeneration may be faster and more noticeable than dry AMD.
The exact cause of AMD is unknown. A healthy life style without smoking and a good diet may reduce the risk.
There is no treatment for dry AMD, although high dose multivitamin combination has been shown to decrease the risk of visual loss. There are a few treatment options for wet AMD although the best outcomes occur when this disease is detected early. These include Thermal Laser, Photodynamic Therapy, Anti-VEGFs or combinations of these. Not all patients may benefit from these, and treatment may not prevent further vision loss.
Early reporting of new distortion or blurred vision should be reported to the Eye Doctor. The earlier the disease is detected, the more amenable it is to treatment. The earliest symptom is distortion of straight lines, making a grid pattern appear distorted.